What is Diabetes?
Regardless of what type of diabetes you have, it boils down to the inability to process glucose properly. Either you don’t produce any insulin to assist glucose into your body’s cells; or you are insulin resistant, which basically means your body has become stubborn and will not accept any instruction from insulin. What is insulin? Insulin is one of the many vital hormones, that the pancreas produces to help keep glucose levels safe, and assist in feeding your cells glucose, such as muscle tissue and the brain.
A percentage of fats and proteins are converted in to glucose. However, carbohydrates is what effects our glucose levels the most. Our bodies take longer to break down fats and proteins in to glucose, but carbohydrates are processed rather quickly. I should also explain that their are two different types of carbohydrates, called simple and complex. Simple carbs are normally found in natural foods like fruit (processes quickly). Complex carbs, are normally found in processed foods like rice, pasta, and some vegetables such as potatoes (takes longer to break down).
With the exception of “FREE” foods, such as leafy foods like lettuce, greens, etc., virtually EVERY food has carbohydrates in them. Glucose powers our bodies and give it life, as well as give cells the energy it needs to build, heal, reproduce, fight infection, and all other overall functions. So you see, carbohydrates are not a bad thing, however, consuming it in excess is!!
The Key is quality foods. Since virtually everything has carbohydrates in them, it is important to make better food choices. It’s not enough to only eat low carbs. If what your eating has no nutritional benefits, then eating low carb (in my opinion) is in vain.
Fifty+ years ago, there was only one type of diabetes. Today, as we learn more about the disease, scientist realize that categories needed to be made to understand more about diabetes.
This type of diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. This means that for whatever reason (not yet known), the bodies defense mechanisms, in essence attacks the beta cells of the pancreas, that produces insulin. The beta cells cells continues to be attacked until all beta cells are destroyed. Without these vital beta cells, insulin cannot be produced, therefore, glucose cannot be control, and in essence in a matter of a week can be life threatening.
It’s important to understand that in the case of people with type 1 diabetes, there is no cure, no amount of fruits, vegetables, herbs, vitamins, or minerals will “cure” type 1 diabetes. Type 1, is NOT caused by poor diet, however, eating healthier and exercise clearly is the key for a longer life as a type 1 person. All type one’s will eventually become insulin dependent, and must inject a minimum of 3x a day, or before every meal to survive.
It was thought at one time that, only extremely young Caucasian children get type 1 diabetes. We now know that type 1 can occur in ANY age, and ANY race. There are many tests one can use to find out if you have type 1, however, the unfortunate reality is, most type 1 people find out when they are in the emergency room, with life threatening DKA. Doctors must do a better job in screening for type 1.
Also known as LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults), basically in my opinion, it’s the same thing as type 1, the only difference is that it is diagnosed much later in life. Also many LADA patients posses both characteristics of both type 1 ( no insulin production), and type 2 (insulin resistance). Because LADA happens much later in life, doctors often mistaken this as type 2.
Personally, on an emotional level, this effected me a lot because, I first thought it was because I was a bad diabetic, but in reality, it wasn’t my fault. I needed insulin. Sometimes it just takes work trying to understand, and finding a good doctor to overcome many of the challenges of diabetes.
This is the most common type around the world. Statistics show that more people of color (this includes Latino, Asians, Indian, African, etc.,) are effected with type 2 that any other group. Type 2 are what is called insulin resistant. Insulin resistance is really one of the body’s many “defense mechanisms”. When the body becomes insulin resistant, it is protecting itself from drowning in glucose, or glucose overload. Therefore the receptors no longer respond to insulin.
Without exercise and good diet, this condition becomes worse, ultimately resulting in dangerously high levels of glucose and eventually ketones. Type 2 people who are not injecting insulin must work much harder to control their blood sugars. Exercise is the key! When you walk, run, play, etc., this forces your muscles to become more insulin sensitive, or become more hungry for glucose. This will not only help the body control glucose levels, but prevent cells in your body from becoming starved for glucose.
This type of diabetes can be controlled without daily injections (for most people). However, their are times when diet and exercise is not enough, and you must take meds. This does NOT in anyway mean that you’ve failed, it just mean that you must take a different path, when current regimens are not working.
Gestational diabetes occurs in women during or just after pregnancy. For some women gestational diabetes is only temporary, and goes away after giving birth. This would be understandable, as all kinds of hormones are ranging in a pregnant woman’s body. However, for some other women, it comes back later on in their lives as type 2.
In essence, these are people who care for friends and loved one’s with diabetes. In my opinion, in many cases I called the the diabetes police!! I’m not sure if this needed a category, however, I guess it is necessary to acknowledge the emotional and psychological stress, that many of these people go through in caring and watching loved ones with diabetes.
Copyright © 2010 DiabeticRadio
Cardiovascular disease kills some 17 million people each year, and about 80 percent of these deaths occur in the developing world. Not every country is affected equally. But when scientists study populations in different countries, their results are influenced by a mix of culture, environment, and genetics.
A new study tries to sort out some of those factors.
A closer look at four ethnic groups
Researcher Maria Chiu and her colleagues studied the prevalence of heart disease and stroke in four ethnic groups: whites, Chinese, South Asians and blacks all living in Ontario province, Canada. They used data collected in national and community health surveys from 1996 to 2007.
Although all were living in the same place and had access to universal healthcare, Chiu found striking differences. Her analysis showed that more than one in 20 South Asians suffered from heart diseases, compared to around only one in 30 among the Chinese and black populations.
Chiu notes that those three ethnic and racial groups comprise 60 percent of the world population. “So it is important that we understand how these groups are, in terms of their heart health. And this study in Canada allows us to do that in a more controlled environment where everyone is living within the same physical environment as well as having access to universal healthcare.”
Chiu also looked at the prevalence of eight risk factors for heart disease and stroke, including smoking, obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes. These also differed significantly from group to group. For instance, whites were three times more likely to smoke than Chinese and South Asians. And South Asians and blacks were twice as likely to suffer from diabetes as members of the other two groups.
“Our study did not look at the causes for these risk factors being high and low,” Chiu explains. “It was important that we reported that they were high and low, and the next step would be to understanding why.”
Implications for policy makers
Chiu says her research raises important questions. And the answers will likely draw from a combination of factors, including genetic predisposition, cultural factors and socioeconomic status.
Chiu also said her research has important planning implications for policy makers. “For example, if we know from the study that diabetes is twice as prevalent among the blacks and the South Asian populations, and we know that the South Asian and the black populations are going to double or triple within the next 20 years, then our projections for our health care needs in the future, which currently are predominantly based on the white population, will be grossly underestimating our needs.”
Maria Chiu’s research is published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
© 2010 VOA
A new study released by the Registrar General of India indicates that obesity-related diseases have joined malnutrition as leading causes of death.
As India’s economy grows, so does the temptation for many people to eat more and do less. Tired and home late? Fatty food is just a phone call away.
Overweight, but eager to get married? Now there’s overweightshadi.com, an Indian dating site exclusively for obese people.
In a country where the Global Hunger Index shows that nearly half of all children are malnourished, many of India’s well-off citizens are now seeking treatment for obesity.
New Delhi-based business professional Aradhna Tripathi admits she loves to eat. “Eating is the most important thing in any Indian household and how you show your love and gratitude for a person is through the kind of food you serve him,” she said. “Indian people are used to eating the kinds of foods cooked at home that are filled with masala and oil. With the kind of sedentary lifestyle we lead, these are the reasons we have obesity increasing. “
India’s current National Family Health Survey indicates that more than 20 percent of urban Indians are overweight or obese. And in the northwestern state of Punjab, nearly 40 percent of all women are overweight or obese.
Tripathi says she was inspired to lose weight after contracting gestational diabetes during her recent pregnancy. Her mother and grandmother are both diabetic.
More and more Indians are signing up for weight loss programs out of fear of disease, says Vandana Luthra, managing director of VLCC, a global slimming agency based in India. “Earlier it was more of a luxury going to a spa or wellness center, but today it has become a necessity,” she said.
New data released by the International Diabetes Federation shows every sixth diabetic in the world is an Indian – earning India the title “the world’s diabetes capital.” Research over the past decade shows that genetically, Indians store more body fat per kilogram than Europeans. Leading health professionals agree, obesity puts Indians at an even greater risk of getting diabetes.
This risk is now crossing socioeconomic lines, says Dr. Anoop Misra director of diabetes and metabolic disease at New Delhi’s Fortis Hospital.
He says five years ago obesity and diabetes were limited to India’s most affluent. But, now poor Indians also are getting fatter. “We thought we’d find all malnutrition, but what we found was the paradox. Many people were thin and undernourished. The other side was many were fat and some of these belonged to the poorest section of this slum. This was a clear contrast, a paradox occurring in the same community. Half people overnourished, half undernourished,” he said. He blames the rise in obesity on inexpensive and oily snacks popular in Indian slums, and a lack of preventative education.
China is not too far behind India. The World Health Organization says China’s obesity rates hover at 5 percent, and almost 20 percent in select cities. But Dr. Misra says China is better equipped to contain the epidemic because it can employ uniform prevention efforts in schools. India has a more heterogeneous mix of government and private schools.
Despite that, Dr. Misra says he is optimistic that India’s obesity epidemic can be curbed. “It is the schools that we have to concentrate upon, it is the children that we have to concentrate upon. And if it a uniform physical activity and discipline dietary instructions are given right to the children I’m sure that it can be curbed,” he stated.
© 2010 VOA